If you notice your dog scratching themselves uncontrollably you might think it's allergies, or fleas, but another possibility is that your pup has mange. Dog mange is a parasitic skin disease caused by mites that can affect both dogs and cats. is a very common skin disease that both dogs and cats can both suffer from.
There are several types of canine mange - sarcoptic and demodectic, with demodectic being the most common. Although both dogs and cats can get mange, dog mange does not typically pass to cats as cats have a different type of mange called feline scabies which comes from the sarcoptic mites called Notoedres cati mites.
Both cat scabies and dog mange is extremely itchy, causing dry skin and the hair loss. While this disease looks very severe and painful when you earn how to spot the symptoms and understand the causes of dog mange, you can learn to get rid of your dog’s mange and restore them back to health.
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There are two main types of microscopic parasitic mites that cause mange: Demodex mites which live on the skin and hair follicle and cause Demodectic Mange or red mange are circular with eight short legs; and small circular white mites called Sarcoptes scabiei which live just under the skin's surface and cause Sarcoptic mange. Sarcoptic mange is not as common, but it is more dangerous.
Demodectic mites are most often present on the puppy's fur at birth as this form of mange is passed on from the mother to their young, but these mites do not always harm the dog. As demodectic mange affects dogs with a weak immune system, puppies and senior dogs are most at risk. There is little danger of a healthy dog getting mange from exposure to the mites. Demodectic mange is not spread from dogs to humans.
Sarcoptic mange, on the other hand is extremely contagious and can even pass from animals to people. Similarly to demodectic mange, dogs with a compromised immune system are more likely to get scabies. The mites live and mate on the dog, feeding off the skin which can cause allergic reactions, itching, bumps on the skin, rash, hair loss and scabs.
Scabies is a very dangerous disease as it affects people if these mites pass from animal to human.
Although mange is most often found on the chest, back, and around the ears, the mites tend to spread all over the body. If the ear mites start at the ears they can cause start out as a dog ear infection but then spread from the ears down to the rest of the body.
Symptoms of demodectic and sarcoptic dog mange are not exactly the same but both typically cause extreme itchiness, redness on the skin, and hair loss (alopecia). Dogs with mange may also shows signs of depression, decreased appetite, weight loss and lethargy.
Demodectic mange may be generalized and present all over the body or localized and focused in one place. In puppies the infection often starts around the face and head but can quickly spread to other parts of the body. The mites can also infect the ear canal causing ear infections and lesions around the ears.
Most puppies live with this type of mange without any symptoms. But in puppies with weakened immune systems, it starts to become a problem. Older dogs and those who have diabetes or cancer are also more likely to suffer from demodectic mange.
Here are some common signs and symptoms of demodectic mange:
Symptoms of sarcoptic mange may appear anywhere between 10 days and 8 weeks after exposure. The first signs may appear on the chest, stomach, and elbows and spread quickly if left untreated. The most common symptoms are:
If you suspect that your dog has scabies they must immediately be isolated and kept away from other pets in the house. Seek treatment as soon as possible as delaying treatment can cause it to spread rapidly and become even more complicated.
If you are not able to get to a vet right away, try one of the solutions suggested below and see a vet as soon as possible for confirmation.
The localized form of this type of mange can be treated with topical application of medication. The generalized type, however, requires a more aggressive kind of treatment such as dips, shampoos, and oral medication. Special cleansing shampoos and dips contain benzoyl peroxide, which helps open up the hair follicles and flush them out.
Topical treatments such as imidacloprid and moxidectin can also be used as spot-on treatments for demodectic mange. Of course, all these medications must only be used after the vet's discussion. Sometimes long-term mange can result in secondary bacterial infections and need to be treated with antibiotics as well. Often, skin affected by demodectic mange appears red and inflamed, also known as red mange. Only a vet can confirm whether your dog has a skin infection along with mange.
The prognosis for demodectic mange is generally quite good, but if the dog's immune system is compromised, then no treatment would be successful. The treatment takes a long time, and regular scrapings of the skin are examined under the microscope to check the treatment progress. Since it takes some time for immune systems to mature in dogs, relapses can be expected until the dog has reached 18 months of age.
Depending on the severity of the mange, treatment can takes from a few days to several months before the skin begins to heal. Monitor your dog closely to watch for signs of improvement. Once the treatment starts working the itching and redness should decrease, and your dog will feel more at ease and will be able to get some rest.
If you can’t get to the vet or prefer natural treatments alongside vet-prescribed mange relief products, here are some ways to manage mange at home:
One cup of apple cider vinegar mixed with 1 cup of warm water can be applied with a sponge onto the dog's coat, making sure to avoid the mouth and eyes.
Allow the solution to air dry without using a towel. You can put the solution in a spray bottle and use it for local applications as well. Adding some diluted apple cider vinegar to the dog's meal or water is also effective as apple cider vinegar has antiseptic properties and creates an optimum pH level in the body.
A mixture of hydrogen peroxide and borax may be applied to the dog's body to treat mange. This is a very popular method of getting rid of mange mites and healing skin sores, outlined in this article.
A typical recipe uses 3 tablespoons of borax, 4 cups of warm water, and 2 cups of 3% hydrogen peroxide. Be sure to completely dissolve the borax in the water. You can apply this mixture by slowly pouring or sponging it over your dog’s body after a shampoo and rinse, avoiding the eyes and mouth, then letting them air dry afterwards. The dog should be prevented from licking off the mixture, as borax can be dangerous if they ingest it.
Treating your dog's scabies or skin issues with BestLife4Pets Mange Relief for Dogs is the perfect natural alternative to harsh medication that may only eliminate mites without holistically treating your pup's skin and fur. Our homeopathic formula contains only plants and minerals, so there are no side effects or adverse reactions like those seen in mainstream veterinary practice - just relief from pain so your fur baby can feel better in no time.
Powerful ingredients such as:
They eventually start crusting and begin to ooze. They can cause swollen lymph nodes and thickening and wrinkling of the skin. Such dogs can become emaciated and extremely sick, which can become a life-threatening condition for the dog.
However, if you catch your pup or senior dog itching and get them treated soon enough, your furry friend will soon be pain-free and back to normal.
Scabies or mange is a fairly common disease in dogs, and can make an infected dog extremely uncomfortable or may even interfere with their daily routine and eating habits. It can easily be noticed because it causes intense itchiness, rashes, and loss of hair in patches. The faster this disease is diagnosed, the more successful its treatment will be.
Nowadays, there are many different treatment options available. Some people choose to use natural remedies while others buy baths, dips, and shampoos specifically made to treat mange mites. Consulting with a vet is important to figure out which type of mange is affecting your pup and to create a specialized treatment regimen. Whichever remedy you use, as long as you pay attention to your dog and do your best to reduce their symptoms, you can get them happy and healthy again in no time.